- (États généraux)The national representative body in France before 1789, the basic function of the Estates General, or États généraux, was to give assent to royal taxation. Its members represented the three estates, or classes—clergy, nobility, and third estate, which represented the majority of the population. First convened by King Philip IV in 1302, the Estates General was quite powerful in the 14th and 15th centuries. During the reign of Charles VII, the crown began to develop independent sources of revenue and depended less on the Estates General. After 1614, the estates did not meet again until 1789, when louis XVI summoned it to deal with the major financial crises of his reign. The date for the meeting was set for May 1 of that year. In June, the third estate, joined by members of the clergy and nobility, began a revolution by defying the king and declaring itself a National Assembly See also revolution of 1789.
France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.
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Estates-General — [ə stāts′ jen′ər əl, istāts′jen′ər əl] n. STATES GENERAL (sense 1) * * * Es·tates Gen·er·al (ĭ stātsʹjĕnʹər əl) pl.n. See States General. [Translation of French états généraux.] * * * ▪ French history a … Universalium
Estates-General — [ə stāts′ jen′ər əl, istāts′jen′ər əl] n. STATES GENERAL (sense 1) … English World dictionary
Estates General — French Hist. the States General. * * * or States General French États Généraux. In pre Revolutionary France, the representative assembly of the three estates or orders of the realm: the clergy and the nobility (both privileged minorities) as well … Universalium
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Estates General — noun assembly of the estates of all France; last meeting in 1789 • Hypernyms: ↑States General … Useful english dictionary
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